To develop a new, or to rehabilitate an existing, public protected area is normally considered to be a function of government, and should be executed with public funds. The rehabilitation of Coutada 5, and especially the wildlife re-introduction and social development programs, will be an extremely expensive undertaking. Normally this development will have been dealt with and funded by the government of Mozambique. Whilst acknowledging the urgent need for drastic improvements in the field of nature conservation, Mozambique unfortunately do not have the fiscal or human resources available to rehabilitate the seriously over-exploited protected areas of the country, Coutada 5 included...

Private enterprises such as Africa Futura Wildlife Restoration Lda will thus have to play an increasingly important role in the crucial fields of socio-economic upliftment and nature conservation. The rehabilitation of Coutada 5, and the concomitant social actions emanating from this development, will be a hugely expensive undertaking. Early estimates are that the full development of the Coutada will cost upwards of US $30 million, with the major portion of the funds being allocated to the wildlife re-introduction program. The Company accepted from the onset that the development of the project would be tremendously expensive, and also that in order to achieve the wide-ranging conservation and socio-economic objectives of the venture, donor assistance would have to be solicited.

Donor assistance will be needed for socio-economic upliftment programs, including upgrading of the current destructive and ineffective crop production practises and the training of the smallholder farmers, as well as to achieve the conservation objectives which lie at the heart of the project. Such financial assistance will be used to develop the core wildlife-wilderness block of 210 000 ha, to purchase and translocate viable populations of those herbivore and carnivore species that became locally extinct due to historical over-utilization, to train smallholder farmers in new and more productive agricultural techniques, and to deal with the involuntary resettlement program of households from the core wildlife area in an amicable and economically viable manner, to the full satisfaction of the resettled families..

Donor assistance will have huge benefits: a new protected area, stocked with a variety of wildlife species that became locally extinct due to unsustainable anthropogenic disturbances, will come into being, while the successful implementation of extensive social upliftment programs will have wide-ranging socio-economic benefits in a poor and undeveloped region. In the absence of donor funding, these laudable objectives will mostly fall by the wayside.