In Mozambique agriculture remains one of the mainstays of the economy, with a 21,1% contribution to the Gross Domestic Product. Mostly low-yield outdated production techniques are employed. About 96% of agricultural production takes place on smallholdings, with the result that stimulating smallholder agricultural production has been identified as a major focal point. The situation in Coutada 5 reflects the national scenario with regards to production, although it is highly likely that the great majority of people living in the Coutada are either entirely, or to a major degree, dependent on agriculture for their daily livelihoods. Agricultural development will thus be one of the priority objectives of the company, taking into consideration no less than nine factors that will inhibit the success of such a development.

The overall agricultural development vision for the Coutada can be defined as follows:
'To create an enabling environment, to provide the required inputs and to develop institutional arrangements, in order to establish a local agricultural industry to generate sustainable socio-economical livelihoods of the present community in the project area, and to provide viable livestock ranching opportunities for investors.'

The sustainable agricultural development plan will be implemented in four phases, and the first two phases involve a 14-point implementation procedure. The pertinent role of the local communities, being essentially the 'owners' of the plan, in the execution of the plan is stressed. Provision is also made for agricultural investors, specifically cattle ranchers, to become involved in the Coutada. Such an involvement will lessen the huge financial burden emanating from the expensive wildife re-introduction program.